So you think rats and mice are adorable little animals to keep as a pet? Think again. Rats and mice have been responsible for some of the world’s most destructive disease breakouts.
They might be posed as loveable cartoon characters but when they enter your home, they are not so appealing anymore. They can literally destroy your home’s infrastructure and the damage they are capable off can be a costly exercise.
Facts about rats
- An adult rat can squeeze into your home through a hole as small as 25mm.
- A rat can survive being flushed down the toilet.
- Rats are unsanitary and carry life-threatening diseases like Lyme Disease, Murine Typhus and Salmonella, to name a few. They spread these diseases through their urine.
- A female rat will live for a year, during which she will produce 5 litters of 6 to 8 young. Rats can live for up to 18 months, but most die before they are one year old.
- Rats eat mainly at night. They are omnivorous and will eat basically anything humans eat.
- Rats have strong teeth that allow them to chew through glass, cinder block, wire, aluminium and lead. Chewing through electric cables can lead to fires.
- Gas and water pipes are also at risk and rat burrowing can compromise foundations and damage water trails. Rats are constantly gnawing to file down their ever growing teeth.
How to get rid of rats
- Stop them before they get in – identify internal and external entry points and do necessary repairs to defend your territory.
- Remove food and water sources by feeding your pets once or twice per day and remove any uneaten food immediately.
- Avoid storing firewood, grass and leafs or any other litter next to foundation walls.
- Pipes that run vertically up houses can be used by rats get into your home. Paint a band around the pipe using high gloss clear paint to stop rodents from climbing.
- Don’t overdo it in the in the garden. Dense plant life near your home can create a breeding ground for rodents.
- Keep your garbage neat and stored away from your home.
- Don’t feed the birds. Birds tend to be messy eaters and will provide rodents with an abundant food source.
If you decide to rat-proof your home by using commercial products, make sure to put it out of the reach of children and pets. Don’t expect instant success as rats are wary of new objects in their environment and will probably avoid the traps or poison for a while before exploring them.
Rats are highly adaptable, extremely mobile and breed rapidly. It is this combination that can make it a difficult task to control rat infestations. It is recommended that you contact a professional pest control company as they are fully trained and will have access to a range of professionally used products which are not available for public use.
Don’t let rats ruin your home or your health, get a pest control company to assist you in rat-proofing your home.